The HSIP is a performance-driven program that uses data and analysis to target safety resources. This HSIP 2017 National Summary Report shows that in 2017, States directed HSIP funds to address the predominant infrastructure -related crash types: roadway departure, intersection and pedestrian crashes, similar to previous years. On average, States obligated 40 percent of HSIP funds to address systemic improvements. While the basic characteristics (rural and urban, improvement categories, and SHSP emphasis areas) of HSIP spending remains fairly consistent from year to year, the number and cost of HSIP projects has continued to increase over the seven-year period from 1,684 projects with a total cost of $1.61 billion in 2009 to 4,616 projects with a total cost of $4.3 billion in 2017. Based on a sample of 2017 HSIP projects, FHWA estimates that the benefits of the HSIP outweigh the costs on a scale ranging from 7.7 to 11.2.