USA Banner

Official US Government Icon

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure Site Icon

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Site Notification

Site Notification

U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation
FHWA Highway Safety Programs

Pg. 17 - 55: Improving Intersections for Pedestrians and Bicyclists

Part 2 covers Designs for Intersection Types. Subsections include examples of intersection types and design concepts including roundabouts, median u-turns, displaced left turns, etc. It also covers designing intersections with context-sensitivity.

Last Updated (Year): 2022

Year Produced: 2022


Intersections are critical points of access to local and regional destinations for all roadway users. When designed with pedestrians and bicyclists explicitly in mind, all types of intersections can facilitate safe, accessible, convenient, and comfortable walking and bicycling. The purpose of this guide is to inform the state of the practice concerning intersection planning and design to implement solutions that help achieve the goal for zero fatalities and serious injuries while improving mobility for bicyclists and pedestrians. The primary intersection types discussed in this guide include traditional signalized intersections, roundabouts, Median U-Turn (MUT) intersections, Reduced Crossing U-Turn (RCUT) intersections, Quadrant Roadway (QR) intersections, Displaced Left Turn (DLT) intersections, and Diverging Diamond Interchanges (DDI). This guide also includes discussion about stop-controlled and uncontrolled intersection crossings for bicyclists and pedestrians. This guide illustrates integration of bikeways and pedestrian pathways at and across traditional and alternative intersections, describes countermeasures applicable to pedestrian and bicyclist crossings at intersections, and summarizes the application of intersection analysis methods for the safety and mobility of pedestrians and bicyclists.

This guide serves as a supplement to the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA’s) series of intersection informational guides and makes direct connections to other FHWA bikeway and pedestrian facility selection guides. Part I presents three foundational principles for planning and designing intersections for pedestrians and bicyclists. Part 2 presents design concepts for each of the intersection types discussed in this guide and illustrates options and design flexibility for incorporating a variety of pedestrian and bicycling facility types. This guide is intended to supplement, but not replace, design guidance, traffic control standards, and countermeasure selection criteria

For:Biking, Walking

The E's:Education, Equity, Engineering, Engagement

Ped Bike Activity:

  • Design
  • Planning
  • Selection Processes

Ped Bike Topic:

  • Bicyclists
  • Pedestrians
  • Intersections
  • Countermeasures
  • Design Types

Facility Type:Roundabout, Traffic Signals and Beacons, Median U-Turns (MUT), Restricted Crossing U-Turns (RCUT), Quadrant Roadway (QR), Displaced Left Turn (DLT), Diverging Diamond Interchange (DDI), Sidepaths, Separated Bike Lane, Bike Boulevard, Bike Lanes, Shared Lane, RRFBs, PHBs, Refuge Islands, Countdown Timers at Pedestrian Signals, Curb Design

Urban Context:Rural, Urban

Resource Type:

  • Guidance

Link to Content Source:

Improving Intersections for Pedestrians and Bicyclists