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FHWA Highway Safety Programs


  1. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, Washington, DC, 2004.
  2. Bowie, N. N., Jr. and M. Walz, "Data Analysis of the Speed-Related Crash Issue," Auto and Traffic Safety, Vol. 2, Winter 1994.
  3. U.K. Department of Transportation, Killing Speed and Saving Lives, London, 1987.
  4. Davis, G. A., "A Simple Threshold Model Relating Pedestrian Injury Severity to Impact Speed in Vehicle/Pedestrian Crashes," Transportation Research Record 1773, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. 2001, pp. 108-113.
  5. Fitzpatrick, K., P. Carlson, M. Brewer, M. Wooldridge, and S.P. Miaou, "Design Speed, Operating Speed, and Posted Speed Practices," NCHRP Report 504, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. 2003.
  6. Barnett, J., "Safe Side Friction Factors and Superelevation Design," Highway Research Board, Proc., Vol. 16, 1936. pp. 69-80.
  7. Cron, F.W. "Highway Design for Motor Vehicles – A Historical Review. Part 6: Development of a Rational System of Geometrical Design," Public Roads, Vol. 40, No. 1, 1976. pp. 9-18.
  8. American Association of State Highway Officials, A Policy on Design of Rural Highways, Washington, DC, 1954.
  9. Fambro, D., K. Fitzpatrick, and R. Koppa, "Determination of Stopping Sight Distances," NCHRP Report 400, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. 1997.
  10. Dewar, R. and P. Olson, "Human Factors in Traffic Safety," Lawyers & Judges Publishing Company, Inc., Tucson, AZ, 2002.
  11. Lu, J. "Vehicle Traction Performance on Snowy and Icy Surfaces," Transportation Research Record 1536, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. 1996, pp. 82-89.
  12. Harwood, D., D. Torbic, K. Richard, W. Glauz, and L. Elefteriadou, "Review of Truck Characteristics as Factors in Roadway Design." Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. 2003.
  13. Krammes, R.A., and S. W. Glascock, S.W., "Geometric Inconsistencies and Accident Experience on Two-Lane Rural Highways," Transportation Research Record 1356, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. 1992, pp. 1-10.
  14. Krammes, R. A., R. Q. Brackett, M. A. Shafer, J. L. Ottesen, I. B. Anderson, K. L. Fink, K. M. Collins, O. J. Pendleton, and C. J. Messer. Horizontal Alignment Design Consistency for Rural Two-lane Highways. Report No. FHWA-RD-94-034, Washington, DC, 1995.
  15. Collins, K. M. and R. A. Krammes, "Preliminary Validation of a Speed-Profile Model for Design Consistency Evaluation," Transportation Research Record 1523, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. 1996, pp. 11-21.
  16. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways. Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC, 2009.
  17. Parker, M. R., Jr. Synthesis of Speed Zoning Practices, Report No. FHWA/RD-85/096, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., 1985.
  18. Fitzpatrick, K., L. Elefteriadou, D. Harwood, J. Collins, J. McFadden, I. Anderson, R. Krammes, N. Irizarry, K. Parma, K. Bauer and K. Passetti. Speed Prediction for Two- Lane Rural Highways. Federal Highway Administration Report FHWA-RD-99-171, Washington, D.C., 2000.
  19. Bonneson, J., M. Pratt, J. Miles, and P. Carlson, Horizontal Curve Signing Handbook, Report No. FHWA/TX-07/0-5439-P1, Available at: (, August 2007.
  20. McGee, H.W. and F. Hanscom, Low-Cost Treatments for Horizontal Curve Safety, Report No. FHWA-SA-07-002, Washington, DC, December 2006.
  21. Kuennen, T., "Creating Friction Where Rubber Meets the Road," Better Roads, Volume 73, Number 10. 2003.
  22. Davis, L. "Chip Sealing over Fabric in Borrego Springs, California," Transportation Research Circular Number E-C078, October 2005.
  23. Rose, E. R. and G. L. Ullman, Report 0-4475-1, "Evaluation of Dynamic Speed Display Signs," Texas Transportation Institute, College Station, TX, 2003.
  24. Traffic Calming: State of the Practice, Institute of Transportation Engineers and Federal Highway Administration, August 1999 (accessed May 2007
  25. Mason, J. M. and K. M. Mahoney. "Design Exception Practices." NCHRP Synthesis 316, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2003.