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FHWA Highway Safety Programs

Appendix B: Tools & Resources

Standards/Guidelines to Address Safety on Local Roads

  1. A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets (Green Book), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials:
  2. ADA Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG), United States Access Board:
  3. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), Federal Highway Administration:

Resources to Address Safety on Rural Roads

  1. Local Rural Road Owner's Manual, Federal Highway Administration:
  2. Peer-to-Peer Program
  3. Safety Resource CD:
  4. Federal Highway Administration, Road Safety Audits Guidelines (FHWA-SA-06-06):
  5. RSA Toolkit DVD:
  6. CMF Clearinghouse, Federal Highway Administration:
  7. Roadway Safety Tools for Local Agencies, A Synthesis of Highway Practice (NCHRP Synthesis 321), National Cooperative Highway Research Program:
  8. Rural Highway Safety Clearinghouse, University of Minnesota:
  9. Rural Areas and Small Towns, National Complete Streets Coalition:

Resources to Address Safety of Pedestrians and Bicyclists on Rural Roads

  1. Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center - Pedestrian and Bicyclists Crash Analysis Tool:
  3. Bikeability Checklist:
  4. BIKESAFE Bicycle Countermeasure Selection System:
  6. Walkability Checklist
  7. PEDSAFE Pedestrian Countermeasure Selection System


  1. Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety:
  2. A Resident's Guide for Creating Safe and Walkable Communities (FHWA-SA-07-016), Federal Highway Administration:
  3. How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan (FHWA-SA-05-12), Federal Highway Administration:
  4. Pedestrian and Bicycle Program, Federal Highway Administration:
  5. Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access, Part I, A Review of Existing Guidelines, Federal Highway Administration:
  6. Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access Part II, Best Practices Guide, Federal Highway Administration:
  7. Pedestrian Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists (FHWA-SA-07-007)Federal Highway Administration:
  8. Accessible Sidewalks and Street Crossings - An Informational Guide (FHWA-SA-03-019), Federal Highway Administration:
  9. Safety Effects of Marked Versus Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations (FHWA-HRT-04-100), Federal Highway Administration:
  10. Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices (FHWA-HRT-06-125), Federal Highway Administration:


  1. Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials:
  2. Guide for the Planning, Design, and Operation of Pedestrian Facilities, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials:


  1. A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Bicycles (NCHRP Report 500), National Cooperative Highway Research Program:
  2. Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings (NCHRP Report 562), National Cooperative Highway Research Program:

Other Sources

  1. Bicycle Level of Service/Bicycle Compatibility Index Online Calculator, League of Illinois Bicyclists:
  2. Smart Cycling: Traffic Skills 101, League of American Bicyclists:
  3. Worksite walkability: audit tool. Centers for Disease Control.
  4. Vermont Pedestrian and Bicycle Facility Planning and Design Manual, Vermont Agency of Transportation:

Resources to Address Speed on Rural Roads

  1. The Massachusetts DOT's Project Development and Design Guide:
  2. When Main Street is a State Highway, Maryland State Highway Administration:
  3. Pennsylvania's Traffic Calming Handbook:
  4. Evaluation of Gateway and Low-Cost Traffic-Calming Treatments for Major Routes in Small, Rural Communities:
  5. Gorrill, Darlene. Traffic Calming for High-Speed Rural Roadways. Minnesota Department of Transportation, June 2008.:
  6. Tech Brief: Traffic Calming on Main Roads Through Rural Communities (FHWA-HRT-08-067), Federal Highway Administration:

Resources to Address Road User Behaviors on Rural Roads

  1. Effectiveness of Behavioral Highway Safety Countermeasures (NCHRP Report 622), National Cooperative Highway Research Program:

Resources to Address the Safety of Horse-drawn Vehicles

  1. Horse and Buggy Driver's Manual, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation:
  2. Amish Buggy Safety Program, Ohio Department of Transportation: