Motorcycle Crash Causation Study Resources
Motorcycle Crash Causation Study data and documentation can be obtained from the following links:
Infrastructure-Based Motorcycle Crash Countermeasures
In 2018, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) initiated this project that analyzed the Motorcycle Crash Causation Study (MCCS) database; conducted a comprehensive literature review; and held a workshop of motorcycle stakeholders consisting of Federal agencies, private citizens, law enforcement officers, and universities to recommend a list of motorcycle crash countermeasures. The proceedings of the workshop and list of countermeasures are available in Identifying Infrastructure-Based Motorcycle-Crash Countermeasures: Phase I Final Workshop Finding Report (FHWA-HRT-18-062). FHWA will initiate phase II of the project in 2019 with a Human Factors Sign Study to determine which highway signs should be used to implement and evaluate as motorcycle crash countermeasures.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA): Motorcycle Crash Causes and Outcomes: Pilot Study
In 2010, the National Highway Traffic Administration (NHTSA) concluded a feasibility study of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development data collection protocol for use in the United States. This effort was designed as the precursor to the larger Motorcycle Crash Causation Study. From this effort, data collection forms, investigator training documents, and relationships with local law enforcement were all developed. The successes of the NHTSA pilot study were used in the development of the final work plan for the Motorcycle Crash Causation Study.
NHTSA: Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures
The “Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures” study, commonly referred to as “The Hurt Study,” named after its primary author, Harry Hurt, was the first large scale investigation into motorcycle crashes in the United States. When the study concluded in 1981, a total of 900 real-world motorcycle crashes and 2,310 control rider cases had been investigated and analyzed. To date, this study is still recognized as one of the seminal works in the area of motorcycle safety and has been used in the creation of motorcycle safety policy and countermeasure development for the last 30 years.
Association of European Motorcycle Manufacturers: Motorcycle Accidents In Depth Study (MAIDS)
In 1999, the Association of European Motorcycle Manufacturers (ACEM) conducted a comprehensive crash investigation study that utilized the OECD data collection methodology. Over a period of 3 years, the study collected data from 921 motorcycle crashes from 5 different European countries.
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials: NCHRP Report 500: Volume 22 – A Guide for Addressing Collisions Involving Motorcycles
The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials’ (AASHTO) developed a series of reports known as the NCHRP Report 500 series to address 22 key emphasis areas that affect highway safety. One of the areas identified was motorcycle safety. The report offers a number of recommendations for State and local agencies for addressing the safety issues that are specific to motorcycle safety.
National Agenda for Motorcycle Safety (NAMS)
The NAMS technical working group was made up of representatives from various agencies, both public and private, with a stake in improving motorcycle safety. The group developed a document that sought to identify the most pressing issues associated with motorcycle safety. While the document is not considered a “consensus” on the issues, it outlines some fundamental topics that should be considered when approaching motorcycle safety.
Other Useful Links
Federal Highway Administration Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center
Federal Highway Administration Office of Safety Research and Development
Federal Highway Administration Office of Safety – Motorcycles