This paper investigates factors affecting injury severity of crashes involving HAZMAT large trucks. It uses the crash data in the state of California from the Highway Safety Information System, from 2005 to 2011. The explanatory factors include the occupant, crash, vehicle, roadway, environmental, and temporal characteristics. Both fixed- and random-parameters ordered probit models of injury severity (where "possible outcomes" are major, minor, and no injury) were estimated, the random-parameters model captures possible unobserved effects related to factors not present in the data. The model results indicate that the occupants being male, truck drivers, crashes occurring in rural locations, under dark-unlighted, under dark-lighted conditions, and on weekdays were associated with increased probability of major injuries. Conversely, the older occupants (age 60 and over), truck making a turn, rear-end collision, collision with an object, crashes occurring on non-interstate highway, higher speed limit highway (>= 65 mph), and flat terrain were associated with decreased probability of major injuries.
This study has identified factors that explain injury severities of crashes involving HAZMAT, and as such, it could be used by policy makers and transportation agencies to improve HAZMAT transport, and thus, the overall highway safety.
Uddin, M., & Huynh, N. (2018). Factors Influencing Injury Severity of Crashes Involving HAZMAT Trucks. International Journal of Transport Science and Technology, 7, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtst.2017.06.004