The interactive highway safety design model (IHSDM) is a suite of software analysis tools used to evaluate safety and operational effects of geometric design on two-lane rural highways. IHSDM checks existing or proposed two-lane highway designs against relevant design policy values and provides estimates of a design's expected safety and operational performance. This paper describes efforts to apply IHSDM to two existing rural roadways (one an arterial and the other a collector) in Pennsylvania and to compare the crash prediction and speed profile results to observed speed and crash data for these same two roadway segments. When considering both case study roadways together, the use of site-specific crash history data, adjusted using the empirical Bayes procedure, and a county-level calibration factor, produced crash frequency predictions that most closely matched the observed crash frequencies. The design consistency module output on the arterial roadway closely matched the observed speeds. On the collector roadway, the predicted and observed speeds did not match closely, thus, underscoring the need to expand the design consistency module capabilities to consider low-speed, complex alignments.
Donnell, E.T., F. Gross, B.P. Stodart, and K.S. Opiela. Appraisal of the Interactive Highway Safety Design Model's Crash Prediction and Design Modules: Case Studies from Pennsylvania. In Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 135, No. 2, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, V.A., February, 2009, pp. 62-73.