Together, the Pavement and Materials Research and Development (R&D) Program and the Accelerated Implementation and Deployment of Pavement Technologies (AIDPT) Program provide a coordinated and cohesive approach to research, development, and technology activities. The programs improve the safety, durability, sustainability and cost-effectiveness of highway pavements, and the materials from which highway infrastructure is constructed. The programs accomplish this goal by providing tools, technologies, and guidance; and support for updated policies. Activities in the Pavement and Materials R&D Program include R&D of material test methods and specifications to improve the durability of both virgin and recycled materials used in highway construction, with a focus on advancing performance-related specifications that provide a fair and rational basis for linking payment to the expected performance of the as-constructed product, while giving contractors the freedom to innovate. Activities also include the development of methods and best practices to encourage effective decisionmaking in the assessment and management of pavements.