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Saxton Transportation Operations Laboratory TO-13004: Simulation for Research on Automated Longitudinal Vehicle Control

Project Information

Project ID: 
FHWA-PROJ-13-0030
Project Status: 
Active
Start Date: 
Monday, July 1, 2013
End Date: 
Monday, September 14, 2015
FHWA Program: 
Operations
FHWA Topics: 
Research/Technologies--Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center (TFHRC)
TRT Terms: 
Autonomous Intelligent Cruise Control; Simulation; Operations; Vehicle to Vehicle Communications; Dedicated Short Range Communications; Research
FHWA Discipline: 
Safety, Operations
TRB Subject Area: 
Vehicles and Equipment, Research, Operations and Traffic Management, Data and Information Technology

Contact Information

First Name: 
Taylor
Last Name: 
Lochrane
Telephone: 
(202) 493-3293
Email Address: 

Project Details

Project Description: 

Cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) is a promising near-term application that could significantly improve the quality of the driving experience by reducing the stress and burden of driving on freeways and by improving the stability and safety of the traffic stream by reducing speed variations and consequent shock waves. The cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) application would be enabled by vehicle sensors, vehicle-vehicle communication, improved positioning, and related technologies on vehicles and, potentially, complementary technology on the roadway infrastructure as well. Near-term deployments of CACC can be expected to be evolutionary and build upon the technological foundations and consumer experience of adaptive cruise control (ACC), and retain many of the features of ACC, including car following rules that still allow drivers time to intervene in emergencies and hence preserve safety margins. But even early CACC systems are expected to provide significant mobility, safety, and driver comfort benefits. This project would identify and analyze alternative early CACC service concepts, including the formation and use of platoons of CACC-enabled vehicles, to assess the range of possible benefits. Alternative operational factors including percentage of CACC equipped vehicles, the formation and maintenance of platoons, interactions with nonequipped vehicles, effects of different vehicle types, and the use of dedicated or otherwise managed lanes, and driver choices as to gaps for car following will be analyzed using traffic microsimulation models.

Goals:

  • Conduct a review of current practices of Automated Longitudinal Control (ALV).
  • Develop a test plan for and select Automated Longitudinal Control (ALV) test scenarios.
  • Execute simulation of Automated Longitudinal Control (ALV) including cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC).

Deliverables

Deliverable Name: 
Task 2: Synthesis of Research Findings
Deliverable Type: 
Technical report
Deliverable Description: 
Current CACC Practices
Deliverable Name: 
Task 3: Test Plan and Scenario Selection
Deliverable Type: 
Research report or guidelines
Deliverable Description: 
Creating the test plan and site selection.
Deliverable Name: 
Task 4: CACC Simulation
Deliverable Type: 
Research report or guidelines
Deliverable Description: 
Evaluating the CACC concepts in simulation.
Deliverable Name: 
Task 6: Final Report
Deliverable Type: 
Research report or guidelines
Deliverable Description: 
Final Report