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Layered Object Recognition System for Pedestrian Collision Sensing

Project Information

Project ID: 
FHWA-PROJ-07-0040
Project Status: 
Completed
Start Date: 
Tuesday, September 25, 2007
End Date: 
Wednesday, December 30, 2009
FHWA Program: 
Exploratory Advanced Research
FHWA Activity: 
Pedestrian / Bicycle
FHWA Topics: 
Research/Technologies--Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center (TFHRC)
TRT Terms: 
Pedestrian-vehicle crashes; Detectors; Stereoscopic cameras; Warning systems; Research; Pedestrians
FHWA Discipline: 
Safety
TRB Subject Area: 
Data and Information Technology, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, Safety and Human Factors

Contact Information

First Name: 
Wei
Last Name: 
Zhang
Telephone: 
(202) 493-3317
Email Address: 
Team: 
Roadway Team
Office:
Office of Safety Research and Development
Office Code: 
HRDS-10

Project Details

Project Description: 

To date, pedestrian collision warning methods detect pedestrians without obtaining information about the context of objects in the scene. Lacking contextual information, these warning methods easily confuse objects (e.g., poles, trees, signs) with pedestrians, which results in false detections and inadvertent warnings. Current stereo camera systems can enable rapid and accurate detection of large- and medium-sized objects; however, higher levels of accuracy have not been achieved for pedestrian detection in day/night operating systems. Prior detection methods have focused on developing single-image-based classifiers using two-dimensional (2D) shape/appearance cues for detecting pedestrians. These approaches have high false alarms and add complexity and cost. The researchers developed an in-vehicle stereo vision-only solution that uses stereo cameras with a 50-degree field-of-view that will be able to look 40 meters ahead of the vehicle and detect pedestrians in the vehicle's path with a detection rate of 98 percent; pedestrians out of the vehicle's path, but within 40 meters of the vehicle and moving inward, will be detected with a rate of 90 percent.

Goals 

To create a real-time vision system that will:

(1) Detect pedestrians or other vulnerable road users at designated crossing locations (e.g., crosswalks and intersections) and midblock or unexpected areas (e.g., between vehicles parked at a road edge, between street corners).

(2) Discriminate between pedestrians and vehicles.

(3) Determine the danger levels of potential collisions.

(4) Provide warning methods to avoid collisions.

Deliverables

Deliverable Name: 
Report
Deliverable Type: 
Technical report
Deliverable Description: 
Final performance evaluation report.
Deliverable Name: 
Software
Deliverable Type: 
Software/App
Deliverable Description: 
Object-detection software.