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Fatigue of Plasma and Laser Cut Holes

Project Information

Project ID: 
Project Status: 
Start Date: 
Friday, June 1, 2012
End Date: 
Thursday, January 1, 2015
FHWA Program: 
FHWA Subprogram: 
FHWA Topics: 
Research/Technologies--Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center (TFHRC); Roads and Bridges--Structures
TRT Terms: 
Fatigue (Mechanics); Infrastructure; Research; Steel Bridges; Metal Cutting; Fatigue Strength; Bridges
FHWA Discipline: 
TRB Subject Area: 
Bridges and other structures, Research

Contact Information

First Name: 
Last Name: 
(202) 493-3080
Email Address: 
Bridge Engineering Team
Office of Infrastructure Research and Development
Office Code: 

Project Details

Project Description: 

This project will determine the fatigue strength of plates that have plasma (and possibly laser) cut holes in them. The initial matrix of specimens will be procured from three different sources that will be using different plasma-cutting machines and controlling software. The initial matrix of specimens will determine the effect on fatigue strength that the type of plasma shielding (either oxygen or air), steel type (either regular carbon or weathering grades), and the orientation of the cut termination relative to the primary stress direction may have. In addition, the hardness and cylindricality of the holes from the three different sources will be correlated to the fatigue strength to understand if it is dependent upon the machine making the cut and its controlling software. The project may also address the static strength of plasma cut holes, though this will be dependent upon procurement of a larger testing machine that has been programmed.


To determine the fatigue strength of plasma (and possibly laser) cut holes in steel plates. This fatigue strength would be compared to that of a drilled hole that is the currently accepted technique in steel bridge fabrication.


Deliverable Name: 
WORKING TITLE - "Fatigue Strength of Thermally Cut Holes in Steel Plate."
Deliverable Type: 
Technical report
Deliverable Description: 
A report to document all aspects of the testing, including methodology, testing matrix, results, and conclusions.