This research addresses the need to track vehicle location and speeds and identifies the potential to fuse data from vehicles and the infrastructure. Considered are: Ultra Wideband (UWB) radar Vehicle Tracking and Classification unit (VTC), long range RFID Vehicle Identification unit (RVI), and Vehicle Anomaly detection and Intention estimation software packages (VAI). The proposed UWB radar array would include one transmitter and multiple receivers. These UWB radars are capable of scanning vehicle traffic at KHz rate with spatial resolution on centimeter level. The VTC unit, mounted on roadside traffic management structures, scans traffic on roads at high frequency and tracks individual vehicle’s location, speed, and classification profile in real time.
The approach also would address driver intentions, as derived from opt-in cooperative identification of vehicles and analysis of their possible destinations based on historical data. The proposed system could assist in tracking vehicles and communicating their location and speed.